Galatians 1: “Not, Neither, But”

This is the first in a series of several studies that I will be posting over the next several weeks. It will be a systematic and verse by verse study of this wonderful and forceful epistle to do away with law keeping as a believer’s rule of life. Paul, by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, delivered this letter as the called Apostle of our Lord Jesus Christ, and our lives in Christ should be forcefully impacted by this wonderful message regarding grace, law, and our liberty in Christ. Continue reading “Galatians 1: “Not, Neither, But””

Apostle By Jesus Christ

A Study of Galatians 1:1-5

Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised Him from the dead;) And all the brethren which are with me, unto the churches of Galatia: Grace [be] to you and peace from God the Father, and [from] our Lord Jesus Christ, Who gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:  To Whom [be] glory for ever and ever. Amen. [Gal 1:1-5]

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A Perverted Gospel

A Study of Galatians 1:6-9

I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel:  Which is not another;  but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ.  But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.  As we said before, so say I now again,  If any [man] preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed. [Gal 1:6-9]

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By Revelation of Jesus Christ

A Study of Galatians 1:10-12

For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ.

But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man. For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught [it], but by the revelation of Jesus Christ. [Gal 1:10-12]

Paul lets the readers know that he is not going to “pull any punches” to make everyone feel good.  He is the servant of Christ and stands and falls to his own master.  He does not stand and fall to them-or to us.

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Worthless Religion

A Study of Galatians 1:13-14

For ye have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews’ religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it: And profited in the Jews’ religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers. [Gal 1:13-14]

A few things to note about this time-past conversation in the Jews’ religion:

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Basic Training

A Study of Galatians 1:15-19

But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother’s womb, and called [me] by His grace, To reveal His Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood: Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus. Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days. But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord’s brother. [Gal 1:15-19]

Now in this passage, we have a little more of history.  In Acts, the Holy Spirit gave to Luke certain details to record.  Here Paul gives other details.  Both are consistent with the purpose that God had for their particular work.

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And They Glorified God in Me

A Study of Galatians 1:20-24

Now the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not. Afterwards I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia; and was unknown by face unto the churches of Judæa which were in Christ: But they had heard only, that he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed. And they glorified God in me. [Gal 1:20-24]

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Galatians 2: A Tale of Two Cities

Galatians chapter 2 could be titled “A Tale of Two Apostles”, or even the same name as the Dickens novel “A Tale of Two Cities”. As for the story of two Apostles, the myths created by “scholars” of rival factions and a Petrine party vs. a Pauline party with Paul’s party winning out and settling Christian doctrine may make good novels and movies, but is totally unscriptural. All that the BIBLE STUDENT would need to is read this chapter along with the Acts 10-15 to find out what really happened. As for “Pauline” doctrine winning out, all one would have to do is look at what the historic church of Christendom has taught and see that save for a few bright lights along the way, Paul’s gospel has not won the day in man’s religion. But we are not talking about man’s religion. We are studying the written Word of God.

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A Meeting By Revelation

A Study of Galatians 2:1-5

Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with [me] also. And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain. But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised: And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage: To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you. [Gal 2:1-5]

During the fourteen years mentioned in verse 1, alot of things have happened. Paul passes them over in a few quick words. The fourteen years covered here I believe correspond to the events in Acts 9:30-15:1. Here is a quick overview of this time:

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An Agreement Bound on Earth and in Heaven

A Study of Galatians 2:6-10

But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man’s person:) for they who seemed [to be somewhat] in conference added nothing to me: But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as [the gospel] of the circumcision [was] unto Peter; (For He that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:) And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision. Only [they would] that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do. [Gal 2:6-10]

The Pharisees that believed likely had a well-respected position in the Jerusalem assembly. The Lord said of the Pharisees that did not believe:

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An Apostle Rebuked

A Study of Galatians 2:11-16

But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision. And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation. But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before [them] all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews? We [who are] Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. [Gal 2:11-16]

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The End of Ego

A Study of Galatians 2:17-21

But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, [is] therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid. For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor. For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God. I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, Who loved me, and gave Himself for me. I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness [come] by the law, then Christ is dead in vain. [Gal 2:17-21]

When we seek to be justified by Christ, we have to admit something about ourselves: we have to admit that we need righteousness that is not our own. It is because by the law is the knowledge of sin. (Rom 3:20) In seeking to be justified by Christ I come as a helpless and hopeless sinner. Did He make me a helpless, hopeless sinner? The answer is clear-God forbid! Here is the truth: if I build again the things that I destroy-if I start trying to justify myself by law-works-they still only show me that I am a sinner. And Christ is still not the minister of sin. My righteousness is Christ and only Christ. Paul later told Timothy further truth about the purpose of the law:

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Galatians 3: Don’t Be a Fool

We have now made it to the third chapter in our study. Paul has established his place as THE apostle that the Lord Jesus has sent to the Gentiles with THE message that the Lord Jesus gave to him. The epistle left off with the truth that the law has no part in our righteousness. The law can only condemn. We have also learned from studying these chapters along with Acts how that those wanting to bring the Gentile Galatian believers under the law by their submission to circumcision would not be allowed. Paul told them that submitting to this was submitting to another gospel which he called accursed.

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Rhetorical Questions

A Study of Galatians 3:1-5

O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you? This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh? Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if [it be] yet in vain. He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, [doeth he it] by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? [Gal 3:1-5]

Having established the cross as the end of self and the beginning of life, the Apostle now speaks to the mind of the believer. He begins by calling them “foolish”. This is an appeal to them to think. This foolishness is just that. It is a way of saying that in going back to the law and to rules and to religion you are not using your mind. As good teachers often do, Paul asks them a series of questions to make them think. Questions have that effect, even if we are not expecting the person that we are asking to answer. The first of these questions:

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Sons of Abraham

Study of Galatians 3:6-9

Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all nations be blessed. So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. [Gal 3:6-9]

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Cursed by the Law, Redeemed by Christ

A Study of Galatians 3:10-14

For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, [it is] evident: for, The just shall live by faith. And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree: That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. [Gal 3:10-14]

Before going on with in this passage, let us remember where the last study left off: So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. [Gal 3:9]

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A Covenant, a Promise

A Study of Galatians 3:15-18

Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though [it be] but a man’s covenant, yet [if it be] confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. And this I say, [that] the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. For if the inheritance [be] of the law, [it is] no more of promise: but God gave [it] to Abraham by promise. [Gal 3:15-18]

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A Hard Lesson

A Study of Galatians 3:19-25

Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. Now a mediator is not [a mediator] of one, but God is one. [Is] the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster [to bring us] unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. [Gal 3:19-25]

Please read the following passages regarding the law and the purpose that it served.

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In Christ

A Study of Galatians 3:26-29

For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye [be] Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise. [Gal 3:26-29]

Notice that Paul here states that “ye” are all the children of God BY FAITH IN JESUS CHRIST. The word children here is not simply ones that are born, but ones that are fully grown sons with all the privilege that comes with sonship. This is not a father-child relationship as much as it is a relationship of privilege. It is important to remember that this is not the position of all people. The members of the human race are Adam’s sons. They share his lot of sin and death. Those who are placed as sons, i.e. adopted, are placed into that position by faith in Jesus Christ.

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Galatians 4: Children of Promise

As we ended the last study in chapter 3, we began looking at the high position of the believer in Christ as a son of God:

For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. [Gal 3:26]

The position of sonship certainly has privileges, and with those privileges there are responsibilities. The responsibility is now an issue between the son and the Father, and not any longer between the child and the steward. Continue reading “Galatians 4: Children of Promise”

From Servitude to Sonship

A Study of Galatians 4:1-7

Now I say, [That] the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son, made of a woman, made under the law, To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. [Gal 4:1-7] Continue reading “From Servitude to Sonship”

Living in Poverty While Exceedingly Rich

A Study of Galatians 4:8-11

Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods. But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage? Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years. I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain. [Gal 4:8-11] Continue reading “Living in Poverty While Exceedingly Rich”

An Urgent and Gracious Plea

A Study of Galatians 4:12-20

{Before beginning this study, the reader is encouraged to read 2 Corinthians 10-13 to get a feel of the personal tone of Paul’s defense of his apostleship}

Brethren, I beseech you, be as I [am]; for I [am] as ye [are]: ye have not injured me at all. Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first. And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, [even] as Christ Jesus. Where is then the blessedness ye spake of? for I bear you record, that, if [it had been] possible, ye would have plucked out your own eyes, and have given them to me. Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth? They zealously affect you, [but] not well; yea, they would exclude you, that ye might affect them. But [it is] good to be zealously affected always in [a] good [thing], and not only when I am present with you. My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you, I desire to be present with you now, and to change my voice; for I stand in doubt of you. [Gal 4:12-20] Continue reading “An Urgent and Gracious Plea”

An Allegory

A Study of Galatians 4:21-26

Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law? For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. But he [who was] of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman [was] by promise. Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. [Gal 4:21-26]

Here Paul goes back again to Abraham written in “the law”, or the books of Moses known to the Jews as the Torah. He is here making a point for them to hear what the law says, and in this regard, he is using this event in Abraham’s life to make a point. He calls it here an allegory. Continue reading “An Allegory”

Cast Out the Bondwoman and Her Son!

A Study of Galatians 4:27-31

For it is written, Rejoice, [thou] barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband. Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him [that was born] after the Spirit, even so [it is] now. Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free. [Gal 4:27-31]

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Galatians 5: True Freedom

As I ended many of the studies in chapter 4, I found them all leading to the first verse in this chapter:

Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. [Gal 5:1]

There is no doubt good reason for this.  Paul says “Stand fast therefore” to refer us back to that which is stated previously.  Because of our position in Christ as “sons of God”, we are not to allow ourselves to be put into bondage.  Jesus our Lord paid too high of price for us to allow ourselves to go back to bondage.  This includes bondage to sin, and bondage to the law.

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The Law or Christ?

A Study of Galatians 5:1-6

Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace. For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love. [Gal 5:1-6]

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A Little Leaven

A Study of Galatians 5:7-10

Ye did run well; who did hinder you that ye should not obey the truth? This persuasion [cometh] not of him that calleth you. A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump. I have confidence in you through the Lord, that ye will be none otherwise minded: but he that troubleth you shall bear his judgment, whosoever he be. [Gal 5:7-10]

Paul here looks back to the beginning when he called them by the gospel of grace. But the enemies of the gospel not only turned the Galatian believers against him, they turned them against the truth. He likens them to runners racing off course. They are racing off course because someone had laid down a false course. This course laid down law-works as conditions of righteousness and holiness.

But the law is finished in Christ!

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The Offense of the Cross

A Study of Galatians 5:11-12

And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence of the cross ceased. I would they were even cut off which trouble you. [Gal 5:11-12]

Paul is here stating once and for all that he does not yet preach circumcision. We may say at this point, having this full epistle, that it should go without saying. He makes it clear here that if he would begin to preach circumcision, the persecution would cease. Look at how the Jews in the temple were at relative peace listening to Paul until he mentioned going to the gentiles:

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Called Unto Liberty

A Study of Galatians 5:13-15

For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only [use] not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another. For all the law is fulfilled in one word, [even] in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another. [Gal 5:13-15]

The reason that Paul stood so much against the actions and teachings of the “false brethren” (legalists) was because what they were proposing was a new yoke of bondage.  It was a new slavery.  Those who are called by the gospel are called to liberty, not bondage.  As “called by the gospel”, I mean those who hear the gospel and believe it.

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The Works of the Flesh

A Study of Galatians 5:16-21

[This] I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law. Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are [these]; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. [Gal 5:16-21]

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The Outward Sign of an Inward Faith

A Study of Galatians 5:22-26

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. And they that are Christ’s have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts. If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another. [Gal 5:22-26]

Now we come to what the Spirit produces. When the works of the flesh were described, they were not listed as if to say “If you do not do these, you will not be walking in the flesh”, so here with the fruit of the Spirit. Paul is not giving instruction with the fruit of the Spirit specified as “start showing love, joy, peace, etc., and you will be walking in the Spirit”. It is really, that when we operate in the flesh, this is what we will accomplish, and if we walk in the Spirit, this is the fruit that we will bare. Notice that Paul states that “against such there is no law”. The law put demands on the flesh that it could not meet, and it put prohibitions on the flesh that excited the flesh against it.

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Galatians 6: Important Closing Comments

We have made it to the end portion of this letter, and here is where we have the lessons from the letter coming in to practical use.

The first item that Paul addresses is with a brother who is taken in a fault. The call is completely a call to restoration, and not a call to punishment or to demand restitution. We see the heart of the Apostle in dealing with not only those in the assemblies who are in sin or of those living according to the works of the flesh, but also those who have fallen into the errors of the false apostles and their false “gospel”. He follows this up with the reminder that we give account of ourselves to the Lord, and it will not be about how we compare to others. At His judgment seat, we will bear our own burden. Continue reading “Galatians 6: Important Closing Comments”

The Ministry of Restoration

A Study of Galatians 6:1-2

Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted. Bear ye one another’s burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ. [Gal 6:1-2]

The last chapter ended with a challenge, that if we live in the Spirit to also walk in the Spirit. Then, the opposite of this was to desire “vain glory”, and to provoke and envy one another. If we recall back to 5:19-21, the vain glory is very much in accord with the works of the flesh. And there is nothing like law-keeping religion to excite the works of the flesh. But this does not need to be, and Paul does not call on the Galatian believers to shun those operating in the energy of the flesh. He is seeking their restoration. He is not seeking restitution. In this call, it is instructional and an example for us all living under grace, that whether doctrinal faults as in Galatia, or behavioral faults as in Corinth, there should be spiritual believers who take it upon themselves to restore the ailing brother. That was the entire point of this epistle that the Lord gave to Paul to write, and He has preserved it for our edification and instruction. Those overtaken by the false doctrine of the false apostles needed to be restored to the place from which they had fallen. They needed to be restored to grace.

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To Know our Proper Place

A Study of Galatians 6:3-5

For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another. For every man shall bear his own burden. [Gal 6:3-5]

Now some might say that Paul certainly thought an awful lot of himself. In reading 2 Corinthians chapter 11, we might think that Paul is boasting about all that he has accomplished. In Romans 11, he says that he magnifies his office. But this is where rightly dividing the Word of Truth is necessary. We must distinguish between Paul as the man who was once known as Saul of Tarsus, and Paul, the called apostle of Jesus Christ and the apostle of the gentiles. His office was, and is a high calling and a high position. When speaking from that office, it is important that he speaks and writes with the authority of that apostolic office. We see the two aspects of Paul in the following:

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Sowing and Reaping

A Study of Galatians 6:6-10

Let him that is taught in the word communicate unto him that teacheth in all good things. Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not. As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all [men], especially unto them who are of the household of faith. [Gal 6:6-10]

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The Cross: Our Only Glory

A Study of Galatians 6:11-15

Ye see how large a letter I have written unto you with mine own hand. As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ. For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh. But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by Whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world. For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature. [Gal 6:11-15]

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A Marked Man

A Study of Galatians 6:16-18

And as many as walk according to this rule, peace [be] on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God. From henceforth let no man trouble me: for I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus. Brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with your spirit. Amen. [Gal 6:16-18]

We are now at the closing remarks of this epistle. Paul limits his bidding of peace and mercy to those that walk according to the rule of glorying only in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the new creation that is made by him. The matter of circumcision or uncircumcision is irrelevant, for

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The “2 Gospels” of Galatians 2:7

But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter… (Galatians 2:7)


This is another quick attempt to compare and contrast that which was given to Peter and the Twelve to that which was given to Paul to proclaim and evangelize.  Again, I have highlighted some text for emphasis, but really, the Scriptures can speak for themselves.  It is recognized that “the gospel” in “the gospel of the circumcision” is italicized to indicate that it is added by the translators, but if it were changed to “that of the circumcision” instead, it would make no difference in the meaning of the sentence.  Just look below at two representative passages to understand the differences and the similarities between them. Continue reading “The “2 Gospels” of Galatians 2:7″